Cinema plays an important role in the life of any society. It is an available popular form of art. Lots of people find going to the cinema one of the best ways of spending their leisure time. The movie audience is predominantly a young one.
Due to numerous video facilities, cinema attendances have declined sharply. But there is no denying the fact that the cinema-going habit is still a strong one.
No matter how large the place you live in is (whether it's a big city or a small provincial town, or even a settlement) there's most likely to be a cinema there.
There are such genres of feature films as the western, the thriller, the musical, the drama and the comedy. The performance lasts for two or three hours and most cinemas have at least 4 performances a day. There is no doubt that a good cinema show is an excellent entertainment and quite cheap. Of late cinema screens in this country have been dominated by films produced in the USA. And this tendency is growing.
Hollywood is the most popular film production place in the world. Every year thousands of films are created there. Hollywood films are full of special effects which attract millions of people to the cinemas.
The spreading of cinematography in Russia started with the demonstration of the Lumiere brothers’ film in May 1896 in St. Petersburg and Moscow and later in Nizhniy Novgorod.
The first sound films simultaneously appeared in three countries, the USSR, the USA and Germany at the end of the 1920’s.
In October 1929 the first sound cinema house started its work.
Since that time the Russian film industry was going its own way.
Now film industry in Russia is rapidly developed.
More than 20 films are produced every year.
Great directors such as Nikita Mikhalkov, Andrey Konchalovskiy, Timur Bikmambetov and many others contribute to this process.
Vocabulary: to spend one's leisure time — проводитьсвоесвободноевремя movie audience — киноаудитория, кинозрители predominantly — попреимуществу, главнымобразом video facilities — видео-салон to emerge — появляться, возникать cinema-going habit — привычкаходитьвкино a settlement — поселок adventures — приключения grown-ups — взрослые not without pleasure — небезудовольствия to include — включать feature film — художественныйфильм genre — жанр western — вестерн thriller — триллер performance — сеанс entertainment — развлечение cinema screens — киноэкран to dominate — превалировать, заниматьведущееместо to be fond of — любитьчто-либо, нравитьсякому-либо it's a pity — жаль, ксожалению