The British social welfare system comprises the National Health Service,the personal social services, and social security. The National Health Service provides a comprehensive range of medical services which are available to all residents, irrespective of means. Local authority personal social services and voluntary organizations provide help and advice to the most vulnerable members of the community. These include elderly people, disable people and children in need of care. The social security system is designed to secure a basic standard of living for people in financial need by providing income during periods of inability to earn ( including periods of unemployment ), help for families and assistance with costs arising from disablement.
Central government is directly responsible for the National Health Service, administered by a range of health authorities and boards throughout Britain acting as its agents, and for the social security system. It has an indirect responsibility for the personal social services administered by local authorities. Joint finance and planning between health and local authorities aim to prevent overlapping of services and to encourage the development of community services.
Vocabulary to the text. Try to memorise it.
1) the personal social services – адресные социальные услуги
2) voluntary organizations – добровольные организации
3) disable people – нетрудоспособные граждане
4) periods of unemployment – периоды безработицы
5) to prevent overlapping of services – предотвратить дублирование услуг
6) community services – общественные услуги
7) social welfare – социальное обеспечение
8) planned spending – запланированные расходы
9) social security benefits – пособия по социальному обеспечению
10) expenditure on the health service - расходы на здравоохранение
11) to treat patients – лечить пациентов
12) general government expenditure – основные правительственные расходы
13) security benefits – пособия по социальному обеспечению